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基于禮貌原則的高中英語教師課堂話語分析——以眉山中學為例

日期:2020年08月23日 編輯:ad201107111759308692 作者:無憂論文網 點擊次數:553
論文價格:300元 論文編號:lw202008111118002052 論文字數:72522 所屬欄目:英語教學論文
論文地區:中國 論文語種:English 論文用途:碩士畢業論文 Master Thesis

本文是一篇英語教學論文,本研究主要探討Leech的禮貌原則在高中英語教師課堂話語中的運用。本研究通過對12個班級的課堂觀察、錄音、教師課堂話語記錄、對6名教師的訪談以及對343名學生的問卷調查,回答和探討了這三個研究問題。主要發現如下。首先,根據課堂觀察結果和轉錄本。我們通過對英語教師課堂話語的研究,可以得出六條禮貌準則(得體準則、慷慨準則、一致準則、贊許準則、謙虛準則和同情準則)。在這些準則中,利奇的禮貌原則中的得體準則是被觀察到的6位教師課堂話語中使用頻率最高的準則。在策略準則中,教師運用策略準則的具體情況有五種。它們是在教學前對學生的問候;使用一般的疑問句,如“你能……/你想……/你愿意嗎?”…?在課堂結束時,請學生用“絕對性”來回答問題,而不是用“命令式”來引導學生。


Chapter OneIntroduction


1.1 Background of the Research

Living in a country with rituals and courtesy, Chinese people always pay greatattention to politeness, morality, and graciousness that are stressed extremely no matterin career or in people’s daily life in order to establish and maintain harmonious personalrelationships. For example, the famous Chinese scholar Confucius proposed “not to saythings which do not conform to the politeness” as the highest principle of discourse andcommunication criterion (Deng Qitong, Wang Chuan, & Liu Bo, 2007, p. 258). Indeed,politeness is the best form of expression as the practical application of good etiquetteand manners. As Leech (1983, p. 3) defined in 1993, “politeness is the avoidance ofstrategic conflict that can be measured in terms of the investment and effort in buildingand maintaining comity and good relationship”. In addition, Holmes and Wilson (2017,p. 30) claimed that being linguistically polite refers to speak appropriately and choosesuitable polite form in different time and context to understand the dimension offormality and social values. Therefore, politeness plays an essential role in humancommunication and social interaction. However, according to Goffman (1967, p. 48),politeness is not something people are born with, but something they have to learn andsocialize. People can acquire politeness communication skills through social interaction.In the process of politeness acquisition and application, some principles and strategiesshould be used to ensure more effective and harmonious communication. Among them,Leech’s (1983, p. 6) politeness principle identifies and categorizes politeness into sixmaxim (tact, agreement, approbation, generosity, modest, and sympathy), which is suitable to Chinese language context that pays more attention to euphemism and indirectspeech acts to enhance harmonious and smooth social communication and interaction.

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1.2 Purpose and Significance of the Research

1.2.1 Purpose of the Research

There are three purposes for this research.

Firstly, as we know, politeness language accounts important part in teachers’classroom discourse. But using politeness language improperly will decrease positiveeffects of discourse because of face broken. Therefore, this study will adopt classobservation, audio record, and transcription methods to qualitatively analyze how dopoliteness principles used in senior high school English teachers’ classroom discourse toenhance smooth verbal communication and effective teaching process.

Secondly, because of inborn character diversity on gender, male and femaleteachers may emphasis on using different maxims or different proportion of each maxim(tact maxim, generosity maxim, approbation maxim, modesty maxim, agreement maxim,sympathy maxim) based on Leech’s politeness principle for English classroomdiscourse. Consequently, this study will use the transcription of teachers’ utterancesspoken in English classroom and interview results of teachers to analyze the similaritiesand differences of politeness principles used by male and female teachers in classroomdiscourse.

Thirdly, this study is a practical study of English teaching, there should be somepractical significance to English language teaching. As Yao Peizhi (2014, p. 61) claimed,“Both the teaching effects and the cultivation of learners’ other abilities are affected bythe teacher’s classroom discourse level”. As a result, this study will adopt classroomobservations, teachers’ interviews, and students’ questionnaires to explore theinfluences of using politeness principle to senior high school English languageclassr

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